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What is hyper-pigmentation and how to avoid it?

If you are noticing dark pigmentation patches on the face, then it is most likely a sign of Hyperpigmentation. Getting rid of Hyper-pigmentation signs completely is difficult, but you can take certain steps for reducing or preventing blotchy skin, brown spots, and rough skin so that the skin looks younger. In the following sections we will look at Hyperpigmentation, it's causes, and how to treat it.

What Is Hyperpigmentation?

In Hyperpigmentation specific regions of the skin become darker compared to other parts. It is a problem that effects every skin type. Hyperpigmentation can show up as small patches, affect large areas, or in some cases, cover entire body. The problem of Hyper-pigmentation occurs when more melanin is produced by skin than what is required. Melanin is a form of pigment that gives skin it's color.

Causes Of Hyper-pigmentation

  • Sun Damage : We are aware of the fact that ultraviolet rays are harmful for the skin. Almost 80% of premature skin aging happens because of ultraviolet rays. Hyperpigmentation is one of the issues that we face because of sun damage.

  • Melasma : Hormonal changes can also cause Hyper-pigmentation. For example, pregnancy hormones can result in Hyperpigmentation.

  • Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation : If skin experiences inflammatory phase like eczema or acne, the skin may become overactive and produce such darker spots when it heals.

  • Medical Conditions : If there is an underlying medical issue then one of it's symptoms could be Hyper-pigmentation. One such medical condition is the addison’s disease

How to prevent Hyperpigmentation?

It is not possible to prevent all Hyperpigmentation causes but some certain steps can be taken to prevent it.

  • Stay Away From Direct Sunlight : 10 A.M. to 2 P.M. is known as the peak hours. During this time you should avoid going out in the sun. If you are outdoors, minimize exposure to sun by sitting in the shade or use an umbrella.

  • Use Skin Care Products With Vitamin C : Having antiaging and skin brightening capabilities, vitamin c is a good antioxidant that plays the role of neutralizing free radicals and reducing sun exposure related damage to the skin.

  • Use The Right SPF : Use sun protection cream with SPF 15 or more and apply it daily, even in winter months.

Treatment Of Hyper-pigmentation

There are products and ingredients which help in fading away the dark spots.

  • Niacinamide: It is also called vitamin b3 is known to reduce Hyperpigmentation and even improve skin tone.

  • Retinol: It is an ingredient that reduces dark pigmentation related spots by expediting skin cell turnover.

  • Microdermabrasion Kits: There are microdermabrasion kits available that can be used at home. These help in removing top layer containing dead skins.

  • Vitamin C Skin Care Products: Skin care products that contain vitamin c prove to be beneficial in fading away Hyper-pigmentation marks and provide the skin an even toned complexion.

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